Lennox Gardens in Honour of Scots- Australian Bridge Builder, David Lennox

Mark Lennox, the clan’s commissioner for Australia, contributed this article after being fortunate enough to stumble across the Lennox Gardens, in Canberra, Australia.  The gardens were established in the 1960s to honour David Lennox, a stone mason and bridge builder from Ayr, Scotland, who immigrated to Australia in 1832 after the death of his wife.

Mark Lennox in Lennox Gardens

(Mark Lennox at Lennox Gardens)

David Lennox was responsible for the construction of the first dam in Liverpool, New South Wales, and the Lennox Bridge in Glenbrook (Australia’s oldest bridge).

Lennox Bridge

(Lennox Bridge)

David Lennox was responsible for constructing 53 bridges in Victoria.  He became superintendent of bridges in his career.

Lennox Bridge over Parramatta River

(Lennox Bridge, Parramatta River)

Lennox Landsdowne

(Landsdowne Bridge, New South Wales, AUS,opened in 1836, still carries traffic today.)

David Lennox died in 1873 leaving an indelible mark on the Australian landscape.  Lennox Gardens is a special tribute to this remarkable Lennox clansman.

An account of the Fergus Scottish Festival and Highland Games, August 2019, Fergus, Ontario, Canada

(Editor’s note:  Marcus Lennox, the Commissioner for Canada on the Clan Lennox Council, sponsored a Clan Lennox tent at the 74th Annual Fergus Scottish Festival from 9 – 11 August 2019 at Fergus, Ontario, Canada.  This may be the first official participation of the clan at a Scottish Heritage event in modern times.  Marcus files this report.)

Fergus Festival logo

“As you know the Fergus Scottish Festival bills itself as the largest three day Scottish Festival in the world.  (I believe the “three day” disclaimer is an important descriptor!)  This year’s edition was the 74th.   So next year shall be a significant event indeed.  Nonetheless, this year set a record for 55 Clans present and tented, as it were.  And The Right Honourable, the Lord Lyon King of Arms was in attendance this year, and was the honourary Festival Chieftain.”

Fergus Mark and Lord Lyon

(Marcus Lennox, Esq. on the left in Lennox Tartan with the Right Honorable Joseph Morrow, The Lord Lyon King of Arms.  The Lord Lyon is a Scottish government official in charge of heraldry.   It is the Court of the Lord Lyon which issues coats of arms and officially recognizes the clan chiefs.)

“The Festival got off to a happy start on Friday evening with a few welcoming speeches and pipe bands.  The Festival Hearth was lit and the evening ended with fireworks.”

Fergus Pipe Band #3 (A combined bag pipe and drum band)

“Saturday started at 9 am (earlier for us Clan representatives who set up their Clan tents) with folks coming by, inquiring about Scottish history.  As you know I had several Lennoxes discover our tent…I have a couple of pics with them too.  The big part of Saturday was the Parade of the Clans, with each Clan and Banner parading onto the main field and being announced before the Lord Lyon.  And we were there this year.

Over the Saturday and Sunday about 35,000 folks were entertained at the Festival.”

Fergus Lennox Clan Tent

(Clan Lennox tent at the Fergus Scottish Festival, 2019)

“There were acres of Scottish Dance Competitions.  This Festival is known as the Dancing Festival with hundreds of young girls and women competing for regional and national titles.

Also, part of the festivities were the “Games” …tossing of the caber, the hammer throw, the pitch fork throw…and even the ritual tug of war.  These took place on the main field in front of thousands of spectators on bleachers.

And of course there were a couple of score of pipe bands in attendance.  The pipe bands would play continuously here and there throughout the Festival grounds.  And each day would end with a parade of the massed bands.  Quite stirring.”



Fergus dancing girls

(Highland dancing girls of all ages)

“And for the history buffs, a recreation of a Jacobite encampment was set up.  Manned and womanned by about twenty people in period clothing, sleeping in tents, eating from their camp fires and otherwise providing a snapshot of early 18th century Scots life.”

Fergus Jacobite Village

(Jacobite encampment)

“And finally, Clan Lennox tent was present and accounted for.  I was set up beside James Brisbin of Clan Kincaid of course.  We had some good fun together…James is a natural showman.  And the Clan Lennox stamp . . . was well received!  It was a preferred emblem by the youngsters (comparatively large and with blue ink – not black – . . . !) and I must have stamped hundreds of passports!!.”

Fergus children 3

(Wee Scots descendants in Tartan getting their “passports” stamped at the Lennox tent)

“I was happy with our presentation for the first year – Clan Lennox banner, Clan Lennox Badge on a standard, a blowup of Lennox Castle (someone came by who had actually been born in that castle / institution!!), and an enlargement of the first few paragraphs of our website.  (Most importantly I had my quaich and Johnnie Walker Green Label at the ready for the deserving few, as my old pater used to say.)  But, of course, I came away with several ideas for improvement for the tent and presentation.

I’ve attached some pics to this email…maxed out the memory…so I’ll send a few more.

Cheers, Marcus”

Fergus Marcus Lennox

(Marcus Lennox, Esq., High Commissioner for Canada, Clan Lennox Council)

Fergus Scottish Festival and Highland Games (August 9 – 11, 2019)

Fergus Festival logo

Exciting news about the Fergus Scottish Festival and Highland Games August 9 – 11 in Fergus, Ontario, Canada (108 km/ 67 miles west of Toronto)!  For the first time since its organization, Clan Lennox is officially participating in a festival as one of the registered clans – thanks to Marcus Lennox, the commissioner for Canada on our clan’s international Council of Commissioners!  Marcus no doubt could use help from any of the clan members in his part of the world and if you can help, feel free to send him an email through the “contact” page on this website.  Regardless, all Lennox people are invited and encouraged to attend the Fergus Scottish Festival and Highland Games this August.  Put on some Lennox tartan and show pride in your Scottish heritage!

Fergus pipe band


The Fergus Festival was first held 70 years ago.  Over the years, it has grown into one of the premier Scottish heritage festivals in the world attracting 35,000 guests in any year.  There are traditional Highland Games with caber tossing, hammer throw and sheave tossing.     Bag pipe music drones over the arena, dancing girls are in competition, there are highland cattle, music of all types, whisky tasting, and heritage events.

Fergus Highland cattle

The swirl of color from the multitude of clan tartans is striking.  The festival is truly a fun and wholesome event for the whole family.



Here is a link to the festival’s website –

Go and enjoy – and remember to check in with Marcus!




Grandfather Mountain Highland Games

GMHG general photo

Scottish Highland games may not be an international phenomenon, but they are certainly fascinating to young, old and all in between – whether with or without Scot’s DNA.   Outside of Scotland one of the largest and most prominent highland games event is held in July of each year at Grandfather Mountain in North Carolina.  It is billed as a “gathering of the clans” – and dozens, perhaps hundreds, of clans send delegations to participate.  This year, 2018, and for the first time since Clan Lennox was organized, it was represented at the games!

The Grandfather Mountain Highland Games (GMHG) extend over four days – Thursday to Sunday. It is not unusual for 35,000 to 40,000 people to attend.  People come from all over, certainly including many North Carolinians.  North Carolina is home to hundreds of thousands of residents who descend from 18th Century Scottish settlers.  The state is one of the original 13 British Colonies in America from which the United States was formed.  A large group of the original Scottish settlers were former Jacobite soldiers, prisoners of war actually, who fought for Bonnie Prince Charlie during the Rising of 1745-1746.   When the Rising was crushed by the British army at Culloden, many Jacobite troops who were spared, and many were not, were penal transported (banished) to the North Carolina colony.   Their descendants are alive and well today and many attend GMHG.

The first thing one notices at the games after the natural beauty of Grandfather Mountain, is the color.  A full sized athletic field is surrounded with brightly stripped clan tents side by side with clan banners and flags flying briskly in the mountain breeze.  Then the tartans. Tartans from seemingly hundreds of clans are worn by men and women as kilts, trousers, shirts, scarfs, or wraps.  (This is America and there are many tee shirts and sandals – sometimes worn with a kilt.)   Bag pipe and drum bands are galore.

On the field, the games are authentic.  Burley men and strong women throw heavy weights and long poles (cabers) in competition.  Dancing girls compete in traditional highland dance.  Boys in kilts wrestle.  Bagpipers compete.  Sheep dogs round up sheep.   There is pole vaulting, long jumping and foot racing.   A lot of the events happen at the same time, so it can be difficult to figure out what to watch.

While the Grandfather Mountain games are prominent around the world, highland games are frequent events in all English speaking countries.  All members of Clan Lennox are encouraged to find games near them to attend.  And when you do, wear Lennox tartan, find the event’s organizers and let them know your clan is represented!

GMHG Neil and Ann

Ann and Neil Whitford representing Clan Lennox at the 2018

Grandfather Mountain Highland Games 

Laurence Lennox, We Found You – A Genealogical Journey Through England, Scotland, Ireland, America and Australia

Lennox daughters
Thomas Lennox’s daughters in Australia circa 1890. [Left to right] Ellen, Sarah, Sophie, Margaret.

Many thanks to Rob Connelly from Maitland, New South Wales, Australia for contributing a remarkable work he authored and compiled titled “Laurence Lennox, We Found You – A Genealogical Journey Through England, Scotland, Ireland, America and Australia.” Rob descends from Laurence Lennox of County Kildare, Ireland. Here is an internet link to the manuscript:!AplHI6xi7zZEiyXo8AL_gQev7Qe9

The manuscript consists of almost 300 pages of Lennox family history. There are chapters on the original Lennox Earls; the Lennox family in Woodhead (Scotland); the early appearance of the family in Kildare, Ireland; the connection of the Irish and Scottish ‘family’ members; immigration of members of the Laurence Lennox family from Ireland to Australia; immigration of members of the family to America; etc.  There is even a chapter on Shakespeare’s references to the Earl of Lennox in MacBeth!

“Laurence Lennox, We Found You .. .” is a delightful work chocked full of family history and lore that is guaranteed to be interesting to the Lennox Clan members spread throughout the world.

The Lennox Charters and Letters

Published in a two volume set in 1874, Sir William Fraser’s “The Lennox” is a remarkable work that not only details the history of the Lennox earls beginning with Alwin MacArchill, circa 1106- 1155, but also contains facsimiles of royal and parliamentary charters and letters involving the earls and their families.  Often the charters are reproduced in the original Latin, apparently the official language of the Scottish government in the Medieval Age, but Fraser was kind enough to provide translations.  There is considerable history of the courtship and marriage of Mary, Queen of Scots, and Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley, the presumptive heir of the Lennox earldom (until his murder in Edinburgh).  (Did you know that Mary signed her name ‘Marie R’?)

These books have been reproduced in their entirety by the National Library of Scotland.  Volume 1 can be found at this link:

Volume 2 at this link:

Work with the websites to open the books so that you can turn page after fascinating page.





The Lennox Heritage Society

Members of Clan Lennox may find The Lennox Heritage Society to be interesting.  This society is centered in West Dumbartonshire, Scotland.  It promotes the culture, heritage and history of the part of Scotland known as The Lennox.  The surname of most members of the Clan is from this region. The society’s website has interesting photographs and information. The web address is .  Here is the cover photograph of the society’s web page.

Lennox Heritage Society


28 September 2017

Origins of a surname: The Lennox

20 August 2017

Whether descended from an ancient earl or more ordinary stock, the Lennox clan members have a ‘place name’ or ‘territorial’ surname taken from a region of Scotland known as “The Lennox.”  Family names in Scotland began appearing in the 11th Century.   They generally emerged from three sources (1) territorial or place, (i.e., “James of the Lennox” – shortened over time to James Lennox), (2) occupational, (for example James Gowan [“gow” means ‘blacksmith’ in Gaelic], and (3) relational – usually in reference to a person’s father (for example James, son of Donald = James MacDonald [‘mac’ is ‘son of’ in Gaelic]).

Linguistically speaking, through the evolution of language, the Lennox name itself apparently derives from the Gaelic word “leamhan” which means ‘elm.’  Leamhan becomes Leven which becomes Levenax which gets anglicized and becomes Lennox.

From early days in Scottish history, the river connecting Loch Lomond with the River Clyde was known as the River Leven, and the river’s valley as the ‘Vale of Leven.’  These are the current names for the river and its valley.

The Vale of Leven is in West Dunbartonshire and is framed by Loch Lomond on the north, the River Clyde on the south, the end of the Grampian Mountains on the west, and the Kilpatrick Hills on the east.  North to south, the vale is only approximately six miles (9.6 km) long.

While the surname Lennox derives from this area, the Lennox territory, over time, grew much larger to include all the lands under control of the Earls of Lennox.

In the middle 1400s, a time when the Earldom had the most land, The Lennox included all of Loch Lomond, lands on the west of the loch to Loch Long, east almost to Stirling, and dipped south of the River Clyde into parts of Renfrewshire. While irregular in shape, during the height of the Earldom, its widest point, as measured east to west, was approximately 40 miles (64 km), and its length, measured north to south, about 35 miles (56 km).    The Lennox included all of what is now West Dunbartonshire, most of East Dunbartonshire, and parts of Argyll and Bute, Stirlingshire and Renfrewshire.

History has several references to “men of the Lennox.”  These include the ‘men of the Lennox’ at the Battle of Flodden in 1513, at the Battle of Glasgow in 1544, and, in 1567, a retinue of 50 men of the Lennox were in Edinburgh at the time of the murder of Henry Stuart, Mary Queen of Scot’s husband (and heir to the Lennox earldom).  It is to be expected that many of today’s members of Clan Lennox descend from these “men of Lennox” (and the women of the Lennox).

This brief summary of The Lennox, should not be viewed as a scholarly examination of the subject, but it is a good start for more serious research and is supported by works published by John Mackintosh, LL.D., in Electric Scotland, Toucher Website Design, Andrew Lang, William Anderson, and others.   There is a particularly good and detailed description of the Vale of Leven at a website created by Toucher Website Design titled The Vale of Leven –  Historical, information and reference website for the towns and villages of the Vale of Leven in West Dumbartonshire, Scotland at